The present dispensation (the Christian dispensation) is characterized by Jesus going away, back to heaven, and the Holy Spirit being sent down. Jesus said that it was to our advantage that He go away; for if He did not go away, the Helper would not come. The Spirit is the Comforter He would send, the One who dwelt with them and would be in them (John 14:16-17). The Christian dispensation is characterized by the Holy Spirit dwelling in both the corporate body of Christ (Eph. 2:22 – the true church) and the individual believer (I Cor. 6:19).
Now if this is all true, and these things are characteristic of the Christian dispensation, it would be beneficial for every believer to do what he can to understand the purpose of the Spirit’s coming. How was it, in fact, advantageous for us over Jesus staying here in this world with us, especially as it relates to the uniqueness of the present time. However, in this article I will not attempt to list and explain all the different ministries of the Holy Spirit associated with Christianity. That would be difficult and lengthy. But I will speak of two very important ones, and their uniqueness to the Christian dispensation. Further, I want you to see how the framework of understanding of the first one is similar to how we should see and understand the second. Bear with me and I will explain.
First, I ask every believer reading this article, how do you know you are saved, that you have been justified from your sins? How do you know you are redeemed, and that you have eternal life? What is the proof of this work of God’s grace in you? How would you answer? Are you hesitating to come up with a good intelligent reply, or what might be, in your mind, the right answer? Do you know that God gives you the evidence? After all, it is His work alone, His workmanship, to create every individual He redeems as a new creation in Christ Jesus (Eph. 2:10, II Cor. 5:17). Every true Christian believes this is true. But what is the proof He gives you that now you are saved, and you are His son, possessing this relationship with Him? The answer to all these fundamental and important questions is that God gives every believer the Holy Spirit.
After we believed the gospel of our salvation, trusting in Christ, we were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise (Eph. 1:13). This means that the Spirit of God dwells in every believer, our bodies the temple of the Spirit of God. But is that it? Just take God at His word? Granted, this is noble, and it is faith, and faith is characteristic to the Christian dispensation. I would never belittle faith and its connection with the word of God. But isn’t there something more? Well, yes, there is something the Holy Spirit does, and this is not by faith or through faith, but simply because God loves us
Rom. 8:15-17 (NKJV)
“For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father.” The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs – heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ…”
Isn’t this something you should be aware of? I mean, shouldn’t you sense this? Or are you to be oblivious to any real evidence or practical experience of the reality of the Spirit’s presence in you? He is called the Spirit of adoption because He is the seal of God the Father upon every new believer, marking and distinguishing every individual who now has this specific relationship with God – the Father with His sons. But the practical experience is, having received the Spirit, He begins to cry out inside us to God, saying, “Abba, Father.” Also, the Spirit bears witness with our spirit that we are God’s children. This bearing witness to us, to our spirits, is the proof, beyond faith, that God has done this work for us. It is the practical evidence that He has, in fact, established the existence of this new relationship. It is not just because God says so, but that I somehow sense in a practical way God’s Spirit inside me, bearing witness with my spirit. God is so good and gracious to provide this for us
I am convinced that today, after almost 2000 years of the present dispensation involving the Holy Spirit’s presence on the earth, we have, over time, significantly lost our awareness of the Spirit’s presence, and in turn have lost awareness of His ministries, in comparison to the believers in the early church. Near the beginning of the dispensation men failed in their responsibilities for the public testimony of the glory of Christ. While men slept, Satan came in to compromise and ruin Christendom (Matt. 13:24-30, 37-43). Although the dispensation goes on by the longsuffering and mercy of God, that which has the responsibility as the house of God (Christendom) only ripens in its evil and corruptions. God can’t acknowledge His own house any longer, and He can’t sanction it by pouring out power and blessing upon it. Christendom has been in noticeable decline since apostolic days (Rev. 2:1-5). Is it any wonder we have grown numb to the Spirit’s presence and ministry?
We know we are redeemed and children of God because the Spirit of God given to us witnesses to our spirit that it is so. That is the proof that our Father provides to us. But because we can’t see or touch the Holy Spirit, because we can’t capture in a bottle His “bearing witness” to our spirits, displaying it to those around us, we lose all confidence and dependence on the practical experience God intended all believers to have as proof of our sonship.
This “bearing witness” by the Spirit that we are sons of the Father is a characteristic work of God’s grace in the Christian dispensation – not the work of the enemy planting tares, not men sleeping in their failures to be responsible in the administration of it, not any of these other parts of the Christian dispensation, but the Son of Man planting the wheat, and wheat springing up as “sons of the Father” (Matt. 5:45, Rom. 8:15, Gal. 4:6), destined for entrance and glory in the Father’s kingdom (Matt. 13:43).
Because so many Christians, it is sad to say, are far more comfortable walking by sight instead of by faith (II Cor. 5:7), they tend to create outward things as proofs convincing themselves of their redemption and sonship – water baptism, going to church, praying, taking communion, doing good things, helping the poor, etc. Although our redemption is through faith in Jesus Christ and His shed blood, faith is always the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. The difficulty of walking by faith or seeing unseen things with the eye of faith, simply becomes overwhelming for many Christians. For the most part, in time the Christian dispensation has denigrated to a walk by sight and senses (a Judaized form of Christianity). Few believers today would ever point to the fact of the indwelling Spirit witnessing to their spirit as proof that they are sons of God and therefore, heirs of God, and co-heirs with Christ.
Now take this pattern of argument and apply it to another specific ministry of the Spirit of God (again a ministry characteristic to the present dispensation). This topic will be centered in answering the question: “How do we determine the meaning or interpretation of a passage of Scripture?” This may be viewed as a deeper theological question by many, and certainly it attracts the attention of theologians, academics, and so called scholars, who fall over each other in their attempts to explain to us the proper way and tools for doing this. But all their machinations and convoluted esoteric reasoning I find in such contrast to God’s perspective and what God has provided every believer for the understanding and enjoyment of His word. Here again, my answer begins with this – God has given to every believer the Spirit of God.
I Corinthians 2:7-16 (NKJV)
7 “But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages for our glory, 8 which none of the rulers of this age knew; for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
9 But as it is written:
“Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, Nor have entered into the heart of man The things which God has prepared for those who love Him.”
10 But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things that have been freely given to us by God.
13 These things we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14 But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is rightly judged by no one. 16 For “who has known the mind of the Lord that he may instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ”.
The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of truth. He will guide the Christian believer into all truth (John 16:13). In the above passage the apostle says, “Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God…” Yes, that is the Spirit we have been given. But in this passage, there is a different reason altogether from what we were considering in Romans eight. This is a different ministry, a different purpose for God giving us His Spirit. Paul continues, “…that we might know the things that have been freely given to us by God.” Earlier in the passage He says, “But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages for our glory.” When Paul speaks of the things which God has prepared for those who love Him, he immediately says, “But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit.”
It is the Christian believer who has been given the Holy Spirit by God. It is only believers, but every believer. It is one of the unique things of the Christian dispensation. No unbeliever possesses the Holy Spirit. No Jews or Gentile in unbelief. Divine teaching only comes from the Spirit of God, who uses the word of God to instruct us. But this is where we exit faith, and our desire to walk by sight takes over. The Spirit is unseen, so how can we be confident in someone unseen teaching us? How do we know, how do we recognize divine teaching? We can’t really bottle it up, displaying it for all to see. And we default to something we can put our hands on.
A progressive decline of dependence on the Spirit of God in revealing the truth of God’s word has taken place in the Christian dispensation. The Spirit of truth was to reveal to all believers the hidden wisdom which is for our glory. He was to reveal the things which God has prepared for us, every believer possessing the mind of Christ. However, this declension, beginning in the early years of Protestantism, resulted from the systematic substitution of academia, scholarship, intellectualism, hermeneutics, genre analysis, research, historical studies, schools and seminaries, term papers and dissertations, general elitism, etc. – all the products of human wisdom substituting for the place and ministry of the Holy Spirit.
We might ask, what was the case in Christendom before the days of Protestantism? The answer is simple. Before Protestantism, it was the mother church of Romanism which controlled and dictated the interpretation of the word of God. By official doctrine, only the universal Roman church had the ability and authority from God to explain Scripture. The infallibility of popery was a key element of this external human control, as was their control of all access to the Scriptures. The grace of God in the Reformation brought in Sola Scriptura and justification by faith as the new sovereign work of the Spirit of God – a certain part of Christendom had rediscovered the gospel. The other great legacy of the Reformation is the principle of private interpretation, which essentially places the bible into the individual believer’s hands. This offset the mother church’s dominion over the written word of God. But early in Protestantism, this human responsibility soon broke down and individuals mistakenly became judges of God’s word. This led to the plethora of denominations and independent churches we have today, the unrighteous schism and division of the one body of Christ. This wasn’t the Holy Spirit teaching us the truth of the word of God. Rather it was scholarship and intellectualism. It was human wisdom exalting itself against the wisdom of God. And it is exactly what we have surrounding ourselves today in Christendom. It isn’t hard to see the reasons for the failure of the Christian dispensation, and that this failure is irreparable. Remember, my dear reader, judgment begins at the house of God (I Pet. 4:17).